With the rapid urbanization, China’s rural economy has been greatly improved, but at the same time, the problem of environmental pollution has gradually emerged, and the ecological and environmental problems are becoming increasingly prominent.
It is reported that the rural pollution emissions have accounted for half of the country’s total pollution. This year and next year are the key moments for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
Statistics from the ministry of housing and urban-rural development have shown that in 2017, 874 sewage treatment plants were built in towns across the country, with a treatment capacity of only 490,000 cubic meters per day, about 2.86% of the capacity of sewage treatment plants in towns. Other studies have shown that China’s rural areas had created more than billions of tons of waste, but only about 50% of it had been disposed, while the urban waste disposal rate is more than 90%.
To solve the increasingly serious rural ecological environment problem, the government has made some new regulations. In December 2018, the plan for tackling pollution in agriculture and rural areas was released, aiming to accelerate the resolution of prominent environmental problems in agriculture and rural areas.
In 2019, the “Central No. 1 Document” clearly stated that there are many hard tasks which must be accomplished in the “Three Rural Areas”. In the field of rural pollution control and environmental protection, it was pointed out that we should promote the integrated management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes and grass, and promote the green development of agriculture and rural areas. According to statistics, by the end of 2016, there were 18,100 towns and 10,900 townships in China. But 40% of the villages have no waste collection facilities and 78% had no sewage treatment facilities. There is obviously still a lot of room for improvement when it comes to environment regulations.