Waste management process treats solid wastes and offers a variety of solutions for recycling items. It also ensures that the disposal process is carried out in a safe and efficient manner. Waste management constitutes 3 main processes: collection of waste, transportation of waste, and disposal of waste.
Now let’s talk about India’s waste management system. According to a report from the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), approximately 1.86 billion tons of waste is generated per year around the world and its major contributors are China, United States of America and India. In India, close to 62 million tons of waste is generated on an annual basis “which will increase by two times by 2030,” Irish market research store Research and Markets stated in the “Waste to Energy and Waste Management Market in India – 2019” report. This untreated waste is then disposed by the municipality corporations which then lead to health issues and environmental impacts due to the production of greenhouse gases. According to the Research and Markets, more than 50 percent of the total solid waste generated remains untreated and dumped on the landfills due to the lack of efficient waste management system in India.
Some of the options and challenges for India to battle its waste management crisis may include technologies pursued in developed countries such as bio-composting and incineration – converting waste to energy, and optimum methane capturing is also one of the possible solutions.
India has come a long way in marking itself in the field of scientific research. It has achieved a lot, and nowadays there are a number of research institutes, organizations, NGOs and private sector companies working on a holistic approach to solid waste management.
Here at Wietec we are very proud to partner with one of the main actors of sustainable development in India, National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI), the leading professional non-profit organization in the fields of Solid Waste Management. NSWAI also promotes the development as well as use of clean technologies and the sharing of know-how. It provides a forum for exchange of national and international experience, expertise and information in the field of solid waste management：http://nswai.com/
Just like in China and other developing (and developed) countries in the world, in India too there is a need to cultivate community awareness and change the attitude of people towards waste, as this is fundamental to developing proper and sustainable waste management systems. Sustainable and economically viable waste management must ensure maximum resource extraction from waste, combined with safe disposal of residual waste through the development of engineered landfill and waste-to-energy facilities. India faces challenges related to waste policy, waste technology selection and the availability of appropriately trained people in the waste management sector. India and China must therefore adopt ways to improve their waste management system as quickly as possible. This will contribute to the development of these two countries, and reach the targets at the earliest.